Causes, Treatment, and Caring of Plantar Fasciitis
The pain on the heel is often prompted by pressure exerted on plantar fascia, sometimes this condition is also known as heel spur syndrome because the spur is present, it is also important to note that heel pain can also result from a stress fracture, arthritis, tendonitis, or on a rare case a cyst. Because there a numerous possible reasons one experience pain on the heel, it is a good thing to look for a reputable and experienced ankle surgeon to properly examine you for proper diagnoses, a good ankle surgeon can identify all possibilities and determine the source of your heel pain. Only a few people know about plantar fasciitis, it is swelling of the plantar fascia that link the heel to toes, the heel pain occurs when fascia is irritated and then inflamed leading to sharp, stabbing pain on the heel. This article provides you with some insights regarding causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis.
Faulty foot structure is the principle cause of plantar fasciitis, this common to people with flat feet, or unusual high-arched feet, or have problems with their arches when you wear non-supportive shoes on hard flat surfaces it put excessive pressure on the plantar fascia increasing possibilities of developing plantar fasciitis, this is witnessed in people whose task demands extended hours on the feet, and overweight people also expose an individual to pain on the heel.
Some main telltale signs of plantar fasciitis are pain from beneath the heel, and from the arch, the pain increases on standing and continues to worsen over time, the pain normally worsens on standing after sitting for a good number of hours, but the pain disappears after a small walk, the reason is that walking helps in stretching the plantar fascia.
The foot and ankle surgeon will obtain your medical history and physically examine your foot before arising to the final diagnosis, before you are diagnosed with plantar fasciitis, the ankle surgeon will rule out all other possible cause of heel pain, to distinguish different types of heel pain, the ankle surgeon may use diagnostic imaging such as x-rays or other imaging techniques, there are times heel spurs are found in a patient with plantar fasciitis although this is a rare thing when a spur is present this is referred as plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Some of the non-surgical treatment available to manage or treat plantar fasciitis includes stretches of calf muscles, avoiding walking barefoot, use ice, 20 min daily to reduce inflammation, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and use shoes that are designed with supportive arch.