Indian Administrative Services (IAS) as well as Indian Police Services (IPS) are two of the most sought-after and crucial All India Services that existed prior to the independence of India. The argument of IAS and IPS is not new, as both of these services are the basis for development of the nation. The government administration is accountable for both IAS as well as the IPS. Revenue as well as law and Order are two of the main components. Both development and security are crucial for India’s development. IAS and IPS are the two foundations of development and security in India. Candidates for both the Civil Services Exam and Civil Services Exam are conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.
The IAS and IPS are both complementary and don’t have a rivalry for power. IAS and IPS each are All-India Services. Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is also known as Indian Police Service (IPS). IAS as well as IPS are the most important roles in the administration of the government of a district. IAS and IPS complement each other. Both are essential for the development and growth of Indian society. IAS as well as IPS officers are very different starting from their positions their background, background and training, the authorities controlling the cadre, their positions as well as the power and pay.
Let’s look at the main differences between IAS and IPS
Evolution of IAS & IPS
Prior to Independence, IAS and IPS both were controlled by Europeans as only a small number of Indians were able to crack the Civil Services Exam. After independence, these services were made available to only Indian citizens and the eligibility criteria were changed to favor Indians. Indian Administrative Service (ICS) is the continuation of Imperial Civil Services (ICS) that was in use throughout the colonial time. Civil Services is related to the collection of revenue from the agricultural land , hence the title “Collector”. It was among the first positions in the British company, and was the first step in the popular civil services.
The continuing existence of the Imperial Police is also reflected in IPS. The Indian Council Act 1861 first mentioned the necessity for Police Bureaucracy.
Each year, both IAS and IPS are selected by UPSC Civil Services Examination. IAS applicants must fill out the DAF of UPSC and Department of Personnel & Training to indicate their preference for the service. The candidates selected will be assigned to the post depending on their rank and preferences. The majority of candidates select IAS as their first option as well as IPS as their second.
You can appreciate the appeal of IAS by the fact that IAS is the UPSC Civil Services exam has been referred to as the IAS exam. IAS outshone all other public service exams in the Civil Services Exam and in real life too.
Cadre Controlling Authority
IAS Classes in Vadodara Cadre Controlling Authority oversees the staff who are responsible for posting and transfer. Both IAS and IPS are All-India Services but both have separate Cadre Controlling Authority. The Ministry of Personnel is the Cadre Controlling Authority for IAS. This ministry is directly under the Prime Minister of India. The Cadre Controlling Authority for IPS is the Ministry of Home Affairs which is part of the Union Home Minister.
UPSC forwards the recommendation list of candidates to the Ministry of Personnel after the Civil Services exam result and then, all candidates’ details are shared with their concerned Cadre Controlling Authorities.
All the newly selected IAS and IPS officers join the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) for three months common base course. The basic course was completed by IAS officers, who remained in the LBSNAA while other officers were sent to their specific training institutes. For the remainder of their training, IPS officer trainees are sent to Sardar Vallabhbhai Ptel National Police Academy (SVPNPA), Hyderabad. IAS probationers follow the option of a two-year course However, IPS officers undergo training for two and one-half years.
The topper of the IAS training receives The President’s Gold Medal and the Prime Minister’s Baton is given to the winner of the IPS training course.
IAS training focuses on the management, coordination and administration of resources and human resources. IPS training also provides training in physical capabilities and the laws necessary to perform law enforcement tasks. IPS training is more difficult and requires more physical activities. This includes parades, horse riding, armour training, and other essential things necessary for law enforcement.
Responsibilities and powers
After certain years of service Certain IAS officers will be granted the title of District Magistrate (DM). The DM, who is the coordinator for the district-level has the power to decide. He is also the chief of staff of all district level committees as well as departmental gatherings. IAS Coaching in Vadodara The DM also oversees the police system within the district. In the city, the decision on curfews and Section 144. The DM is accountable for these decision.
A magisterial system governs that the DM can direct the opening of fire in order to deter the mob and other conditions. Not only this but the approval of DM is also necessary to transfer certain police officers.
IPS is the Senior Superintendent Police (SSP) within the district. He’s more concerned with the rule of law of the city. He has to obtain permission from IAS officers for certain warrants.
Both IPS and IAS services have broad job profiles. IAS has more power than an IAS DM however, IAS has fewer. An IPS is accountable to the department it is in charge of. However an IAS (DM) is the one with oversight of all districts. An IAS officer who is DM is the head of the police department along with other departments.
According to one protocol, the IPS officer is required to salute the IAS if he’s a senior member of the IAS. The protocol also stipulates that the IPS officer is required to salute an IAS officer when he is more senior than him. Certain states have instituted the commissionerate system in certain of their cities. This system gives police officers more power, but less than the IAS.
Scope of duty
The duty of an IAS officer in the capacity of DM is in all the departments within the district. While an IPS is an SSP, he or she can only work in the traffic and police departments in the district they are assigned to. DM has a vast job description and encompasses every department within the district. In the event of Disaster Management time when the army is in session, DM is the person who oversees the district level. He is comparable to a major within the army.
The third position in the district is the IPS. He is accountable for the law and order in the city. He is more focused on the work of the departments and the instructions he’s been given by the DM.
Separates in uniform for IPS as well as IAS. IAS officers are not required to wear a uniform, they can wear formal attire to official occasions. However, IPS must wear the prescribed uniform. IPS uniforms vary according to rank. The IPS officer wears the Ashok the symbol of their shoulders.
In public spaces in public places, people recognize IPS officers because of his or her uniform, but they are not IAS.
The Cabinet Secretary of India could be made by the IAS. This is the highest position in the Indian bureaucratic hierarchy, which is only available by an IAS officer. UPSC Classes in Vadodara The Chief Secretary of the State Government is the highest-ranking position in the state bureaucratic structure. This position can only be filled by an IAS officer. IAS officers may also be able to take on the position of the Union Home Secretary.
IPS can be made Director-General of Police of the state. An Union Government IPS officer can be promoted to Director of the CBI/IB/RAW. Along with this, IPS can also be deployed on the post of National Security Adviser.
The amount of pay for an IPS officer in India has improved a lot after the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission. An IPS officer’s salary can vary between Rs 56,100 and Rs 2,25,000 per month. It is contingent on the level of the level of seniority. The salary of IAS is also greater than the amount suggested by the Seventh Pay Commission. IAS salary ranges from Rs 56,100 to Rs 2,50,000 per month. It also varies depending on the seniority. IAS salary is more than IPS.